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A case paper on SWOT Analysis.

A case paper on SWOT Analysis.

Community Health and University Health are two healthcare organizations in a state that has

recently seen the continued growth and rising market power of a large health system, as well as

physician and insurer changes and challenges. Both organizations have been financially healthy,

but downturns in the past three months suggest that the good times may be at an end.


Like many other markets, the state in this scenario has experienced widespread consolidation of

providers over the past 10 years. One system, in particular, based in the largest metropolitan area

in the state, has been especially aggressive in functioning as a consolidator. This system has

captured a 45 percent share of the metro market (population of 1.5 million), is a significant

presence throughout the southern and most populous half of the state, and now has about 15

percent to 20 percent of that market, too. A case paper on SWOT Analysis.

The provider landscape has changed dramatically in this metropolitan area. As a result of

closures and consolidations, only one independent hospital (Children’s) remains where there had

previously been 20. In addition to the large system (which comprises five hospitals), the four

other players, all of which operate essentially exclusively in the metro area, are:

• Community Health with three hospitals and a 13 percent share

• University Health with two hospitals and a 12 percent share

• Catholic Health with four hospitals and a 17 percent share

• North Suburban Health with two hospitals and an 8 percent share

The physician market is also consolidating. Each system has a large employed group that is

roughly in proportion to its size and mostly, but not exclusively, primary-care-based. The only

exceptions are University Health and Children’s, where physician groups are dominated by

specialty-oriented faculty practice plans. There are still a few large independent multispecialty

groups and many single-specialty groups, but here, too, these groups are increasingly migrating

to a relationship (employment or tight joint venture) with one of the systems. A case paper on SWOT Analysis.




The insurance market has been relatively benign until the past few years. The commercial

insurers’ favored product has been the preferred provider organization (PPO). But here, as well,

the market is changing. Three years ago, there were six commercial insurers, and not one

had more than a 25 percent share of the market. Since then, the two smallest have merged, and

two of the remaining four have been bought by national companies. As a result, the competitive

ante has been raised and providers have begun to be squeezed; and the competitive pressures are

expected to become much more intense in the next two to three years. A case paper on SWOT Analysis.


In this environment, six months ago, the CEOs of University Health and Community Health

began discussing a potential relationship. Concerned about the increasing market power of the

large system and the developments involving physicians and insurers, both CEOs thought the

time may be right to merge their organizations.


Initially, the two CEOs discussed a range of organizational affiliation options, from a shared

services company or a full merger. As a result, they charged financial staff and consultants early

on to define financial benefits in four categories (see exhibit):

• Low-risk, relatively easy-to-implement cost-reduction opportunities

• High-risk, relatively difficult-to-implement cost-reduction opportunities

• Capital cost avoidance opportunities

• Revenue improvement opportunities

Exhibit 1

Because both systems are themselves the product of previous mergers and had six and nine years

of experience, respectively, functioning as merged entities, there was some skepticism as to the

potential for significant additional economies. A case paper on SWOT Analysis.However, these two systems largely operate in

different parts of the metro area, so combining could improve geographic coverage while

avoiding conflict between the two organizations (for the most part) over the same markets.

Although the numbers may appear large in absolute terms, the combined entity has annual

revenue of $1.3 billion. And the two CEOs recognized that achievement of the financial benefits

estimated would not be without extremely hard work and major organizational change and pain.

So the question for the CEOs and the joint board oversight committee that will receive this

analysis is: What would you do and why?


View exhibit 1

* All estimates are in constant 2016 dollars. A case paper on SWOT Analysis.

Estimated 40% margin on all incremental revenue

FY 2016 Profile: University Health

Acute beds: 650

Inpatient admissions: 35,000

Outpatient visits: 550,000

FTE employees: 4,500

Net patient revenue: $750 million

Operating margin: 8.0%

Unrestricted cash: $500 million

Debt to capitalization: 29.4%

Age of plant (years): 6.4

FY 2016 Profile: Community Health

Acute beds: 500

Inpatient admissions: 26,000

Outpatient visits: 850,000

FTE employees: 4,200

Net patient revenue: $575 million

Operating margin: 7.5%

Unrestricted cash: $200 million

Debt to capitalization: 29.0%

Age of plant (years): 10.5

A case paper on SWOT Analysis

Please identify and explain at least three strengths and three weaknesses of each organization. Please include some of the financial information identified in the case with this analysis.  (15 Points)

4: Please identify and explain at least three opportunities and three threats associated with each organization and the market it operates in. Please include some of the financial information identified in the case with this analysis.  (15 Points) A case paper on SWOT Analysis.

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