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Concept of Patient Rights in Healthcare Paper

Concept of Patient Rights in Healthcare Paper
The basic rights of human beings, such as concern for personal dignity, are always of great importance. During illness, however, these rights are extremely vital and must be protected. Therefore, healthcare providers should make an effort to assure that these rights are preserved for their patients. Likewise, health care providers have the right to expect reasonable and responsible behavior on the part of our patients, their relatives, and friends. This is where the patient’s bill of rights comes into play.
In various scientific fields, participation has different definitions. In sociology, participation means having a share in something, and benefiting from that share, or taking part in a group and thus collaborating with that group.Concept of Patient Rights in Healthcare Paper In political sciences, participation means the following: if people do not feel distinct differences between different issues they are faced with, they do not care about them and consider their actions ineffective, and if people, due to limited knowledge and awareness, consider their participation ineffective, they prefer to have less participation (1). Investigation of studies on health care shows that the focus of interest has been on participation of patients in care and treatment decision making process, using such terminologies as “involvement”, “collaboration” and “partnership” of patients, “client”, “consumer”, and “user” (2). There are numerous views on the concept of patient participation. One view considers the person’s participation in treatment decisions made about his own health issues (3, 4). In another view, patient participation means involvement of the patient in sharing information, feelings and accepting doctors’ and nurses’ instructions (1).
Patients’ participation in decision making in health care and treatment is not a new area, but currently it has become a political necessity in many countries and health care systems around the world (3). A review of the literature reveals that participation of patients in health care has been associated with improved treatment outcomes.Concept of Patient Rights in Healthcare Paper Moreover, this participation causes improved control of diabetes, better physical functioning in rheumatic diseases, enhanced patients’ compliance with secondary preventive actions and improvement in health of patients with myocardial infarction (5-8). Emphasizing the importance of participation in decision making process motivates the service provider and the health care team to promote participation of patients in treatment decision making. These efforts include enhancement of patient access to multifaceted information providing systems and tools that help patients in decision making (9, 10). With enhanced patient participation, and considering patients as equal partners in healthcare decision making patients are encouraged to actively participate in their own treatment process and follow their treatment plan and thus a better health maintenance service would be provided (11). Concept of Patient Rights in Healthcare Paper

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