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Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

1. What is the difference between erotic art and pornography? How does it relate to Scruton’s distinction between imagination and fantasy from last time’s reading?

2. Looking at pp. 176-178, what is desecration, and how can certain ways of representing sex and violence be guilty of “the willful desecration of the human form?”

The second attachment:

1.Why, according to Danto, are appearances so important to people?

2. In what way can a photograph present a person other than she desires to be presented?


3. What are some reasons people have thought it inappropriate to paint, or photograph, people in the nude? Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

The cultures in which people are born into or raised with contribute greatly into the people they become. Culture is something that signifies both unity and individuality. For many, there is a dichotomy between the culture they were born into and the culture their family raised them in. This contributes to an advantage in understanding a world view in a continuously globalizing era. It also creates overlaps of grey area where one is not sure which cultural background to fall upon for reference. The similarities and differences that are presented in American and Korean cultures will be examined along with the implications that come with the duality of having a rich cultural background. Specifically, an analysis into social norms will be presented through understanding familial standards and obligations in both cultures as well as religious significance and what that may imply in different societies. In a world that is always becoming tighter, it is important to understand how cultures intersect and where they differ. Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

So, how can one simplify the monolith that is American culture? By which means does a melting pot of ethnicities and nationalities, influenced by popular culture and generational changes, get simplified into a general idea? On the other hand, how does one explain the emphasis on family roles and a tight-knit family dynamic in Korean cultures to an American audience without it seeming strict or claustrophobic? American family culture has changed over the decades, what was once envisioned as a perfect nuclear family with a smiling dad coming home from work to his two kids and dog and perfectly coiffed wife in an apron and oven mitts pulling a freshly baked apple pie out of the oven has changed drastically. In 2015 with the Supreme Court case Obergefell v. Hodges same sex marriage became legal in all 50 states. This changed the image of family life forever making it more inclusive and accepted for same sex couples to raise a family. In Korea, while same sex relationships are legal, the addition of same sex marriage in the legal system is a work in progress. As of 2015, Pew Research Center, updated the statistics surrounding the family structure in American society by saying “Two-parent households are on the decline in the United States as divorce, remarriage and cohabitation are on the rise. And families are smaller now, both due to the growth of single-parent households and the drop in fertility”. (Pew Research Center, 2015). Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

In Korean culture, divorce is less common. This is partially due to the greater emphasis placed upon the specialness of marriage and the respect given to the institution of family. Korean culture also places an emphasis on the roles of a person within the familial unit, rather than individualistic driven culture American families reside in. The Asia Society Center for Global Education explains this cultural practice.

Children incur a debt to their parents who gave birth to them and raised them. This debt lies behind the idea of filial duty: treating parents respectfully at all times, taking care of them in their old age, mourning them well at proper funerals, and performing ceremonies for them after their deaths. Even fulfilling these duties, however, is not enough to repay the debt to one’s parents. The full repayment also entails having children and maintaining the continuity of the family line.

Families in Korean culture have a social “family face”, this implies that the actions of one individual in the family creates a ripple effect and has the capacity to either tarnish or shine a positive light on the family. This tradition is practiced mildly in the United States, there’s an understanding that if someone does something, such as “Oh, yes the Johnson’s boy dropped out of college, what a shame,” but that doesn’t translate into the Johnson family’s shame, they are individuals who make their own decisions. One could speculate that the root of the division within American and Korean culture is the view of individuals within the family unit— while American culture encourages loose bonds and individuality with a universal belief that 18 means a child has become an adult; Korean culture doesn’t draw that clear line in the dirt between when a child is no longer a child but an adult, the child always has a duty to their family even in adulthood. Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

Another difference in culture can be seen within the religious practices of the two regions. America was historically Protestant as it was founded by Protestants, and even today over 70% of Americans report being some sort of Christian. Before Europeans brought their Abrahamic religions and beliefs to the North American continent, the Native Americans that belonged to the land practiced what we now call paganism. Paganism is an oversimplification of the belief that there are spirits and power within nature and natural forces, all complexly intertwined. In modern America, along with Christianity, many Americans adhere to the religions they brought with them to the New World such as Islam, Judaism, and Hinduism. There is also a general acceptance or understanding that even within religious groups there is a spectrum ranging from orthodox to liberally involved. American society is also quite secular, so religion does not govern everyday life and decisions, in fact many remain agonistic or atheist, not prescribing to any religious belief system. Another important note to mention when considering religion in America is the fact that while several religions are practiced, there isn’t necessarily tolerance for all religions. Freedom of religion is a tenant in American law and civil society, yet majority vs. minority rifts aren’t uncommon and stereotypes and prejudices are placed among certain groups such as Muslims, Sikhs, and Hindus. Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

In contrast, the Asia Society Center for Global Education states that “According to the 2010 survey, 31.6% of Koreans are Christian, 24.2% are Buddhist and 43.3% are unaffiliated with any religion.”. With that being said it’s important to acknowledge like other Eastern Asian countries such as China and Japan, Korean prescribes to a tradition of ancient philosophies that has transcended time and continues to serve as a lifestyle guide even today. So while Confucian philosophy is a rather commonly adhered to within the Korean social sphere, it isn’t necessarily considered a religious practice rather than a way of life. An example of Confucian influence can be seen within the model of family life and structure in Korean society, everyone within the familial unit has a role to play that signifies their place in the family in relation to others. The following expert from The Republic of Korea’s website will better explain the role of Confucianism in Korean culture;

Confucianism was more a system of ethics than religion and stressed the importance of loyalty, filial piety and other virtues. Confucian followers also valued ancestral worship in the belief that the ancestral spirits can affect the life of their descendants, and tried to find auspicious sites for the graves of their ancestors. Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

Branches of Christianity such as Catholicism and Protestantism were brought to the peninsula by outsiders, Catholicism was introduced vis envoys from China while Protestantism was the result of North American missionaries in the 19th century. Like America, Korea had Protestantism brought to the land and culture. Like the pagan religious practices of Native Americans, an ancient spiritual practice in Korea known as shamanism which is a pre-historic belief in gods, spirits, and ancestors residing within nature and natural phenomena. Unlike organized religion, shamanism does not adhere to any dogma, sacred texts, or hierarchy but rather is a set of (for the most part) universally accepted beliefs about spirituality that has remained an integral part of Korean culture.

Through studying, researching, and analyzing the similarities and the differences in Americana and Korean societies one isn’t just well informed but allowed an understanding of two completely different cultures that are worlds apart but able to coexist and even overlap in harmony. American family structure is more liberal, independent, and has to form of what a “typical” family is whereas in Korean culture family dynamics are built upon mutual respect and collectivist belief that the family is one unit that operates together. In American culture, there are a variety of religions but not exactly tolerance for them and those who follow them; in Korea there are also several religions but the society isn’t as much religious as much as it practices ancient philosophies and spiritual beliefs that go beyond structured religion, such as Confucianism, shamanism, and Buddhism. In today’s age the world is a lot smaller than it used to be, phones, the Internet, globalization, advancements in travel, as well as migration have brought cultures and societies much closer together than they have been. More so, with the age of Imperialism and colonization a dark reminder to the past, it is the duty of every global citizen to learn about and foster an appreciation for other cultures so that tolerance and acceptance of others becomes an integral part of what it means to be human. Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

Morality is the set of rules or precepts, obligation or prohibition relative to the conformation of human action to the uses and customs of a given society. Although etymologically narrow, morality differs from ethics which is defined as a fundamental reflection on morality that will establish its norms, limits, and duties. Morality is born of moral philosophy that differs from metaphysics because of its practicality. Morality should not be confused with or with case-specific ideology.
It does not seem, on the other hand, that these two conceptions of morality, as a psycho-sociology of morality, the other as teleology or ethical customs, are fundamentally incompatible. They can, we believe, coexist and even confirm or complement each other; But, in our view, the second is only fully appropriate name of morality.In fact, almost all moralists have more or less the same combined or confused in their doctrines, or because they have analyzed first human morality, some by a subjective or psychological method, the other by an objective or sociological method to extract from this analysis The principles of their lifestyle or, on the contrary, was first established their lifestyle, some in a metaphysical system deduced a priori, the other in the data directly taken in the experience, except then show The agreement of the most important requirements of this art with the more general tendencies of human morality.

However, it is conceivable rigor a lifestyle based entirely on considerations alien to real morality, a kind of morality without morality. Suppose, in fact, that human morality shows that studies of consciousness and history, as a very variable fact, may take the most diverse, even contradictory forms, no one can unravel the fixed and general law that allows to explain these variations. In this case, it will be impossible to take the study of morality any practical indication: this is the conclusion of moral skepticism. However, even in this case, a way of life is still possible, but the condition of laying bases out of morality. This is not before the sophists Socrates, the founder of hedonism, Aristippe de Cyrène. Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper


This is why it is very difficult to give moral – and we are only talking about moral philosophy – a definition that fits all cases, unless they adhere to vague, very indeterminate formulas, such as: lifestyle , Behavioral science, etc. If we define it, as is done in the majority of cases, the knowledge of the good science of duty, by virtue of science, or the science of the conditions of happiness, art of happiness, etc., it is evident that These definitions are not applied equally to all moral doctrines, or be heard by each of them in different directions. Therefore the words right, duty, virtue can not obviously have the same meaning as for Kant and Bentham, and if morality is especially for this art of being happy, on the one hand, on the other hand, n not Has nothing to do with happiness and refers exclusively to the assignment.

On the other hand, it seems that the necessary duality of viewpoints requires that the whole division of the doctrines of morality into two parts, a theory and a practice, the first devoted to the analysis of morality and the establishment of principles of conduct, The second Surles conclusions of the first set of rules of human life are based. Desecration of the Human Form Essay Paper

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