Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
Autistic thinking is the tendency to ______.
see oneself as the center of the universe
engage in abstract thinking patterns that no one else can understand
engage in persistently obsessive thought patterns
see oneself as being “swallowed up” by the universe. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
The central feature of a generalized anxiety disorder is ______.
fear of dying
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______ are classified as neurodevelopment disorders in the DSM-5.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and pica
Pica and separation anxiety disorder
Enuresis and encopresis. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
After witnessing a terrible car accident, John is experiencing so much emotional distress that he is having difficulty taking care of his responsibilities at work. He is most likely experiencing which of the following common features of traumatic stress disorders?
Emotional distress and impaired functioning
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is characterized by excessive anxiety and worry that is _____________.
limited to health and safety concerns
not limited to any one object, situation, or activity
limited to concerns about the well-being of immediate family members
specific to an object or event that the individual has had an aversive experience with. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
The essential feature of a panic disorder is ______.
constant worry without a known cause
well-defined phobic reactions to specific stimuli
behavior dominated by rituals performed in order to avoid anxiety
occurrences of repeated, unexpected panic attacks
A disorder characterized by a generalized delay or impairment in the development of intellectual and adaptive abilities is ______.
intellectual developmental disorder
______ is the category within the DSM-5 that has many of the psychological disorders affecting children and adolescents.
Major depressive disorder
Separation anxiety disorder
Neurodevelopment disorders. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
A behavior disorder characterized by impulsivity, excessive motor activity, and inability to focus one’s attention is known as ______.
oppositional defiant disorder
In the DSM-5, acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder are classified in which of the following categories?
Substance Abuse Disorders
Trauma-and Stressor-Related Disorders
Last year, Hannah witnessed an accident where a pedestrian was struck and killed by an automobile. Since the accident, Hannah has experienced anxiety and actively avoids the street where she witnessed the accident. A clinician might diagnose Hannah as having__________.
an adjustment disorder with anxiety
reactive stress disorder
acute stress disorder. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
Which of the following is true of children with autism?
They have distinctive, unusual facial features and have an “intelligent look” about them.
They are often described by their parents as having been difficult babies during early infancy.
They maintain good eye contact but typically are not drawn to social exchanges.
As they develop, they begin to reject affectionate contacts such as hugging, kissing, and cuddling with their parents.
Todd spends hours checking and rechecking the doors and windows to his house to make sure they are completely locked and secured before he leaves for work in the morning. This is the only way he can prevent himself from being overwhelmed by anxiety and fears he left something unlocked as he drives to the office. Todd is suffering from ______ disorder.
The most common treatment for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is ______.
psychodynamic. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
Todd is six years old. His behavior is characterized by inattention, bullying, temper tantrums, stubbornness, and fidgeting. He is easily distracted, fails to finish anything he starts, often acts impulsively, and requires constant supervision. He is constantly on the go, running and climbing on things, and he cannot wait his turn in games or lines. He is suffering from ______ disorder.
Robert has had persistent anxiety for about 13 months. He has also suffered from shakiness, feeling “keyed up,” insomnia, irritability, and chronic muscle tension. He is best diagnosed as having a(n) ______ disorder.
The prevalence of autism has been ______ over the past 20 years.
about the same
EMDR is a technique to treat ______.
generalized anxiety disorder
phobia. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
People with __________ are preoccupied with an imagined or exaggerated physical defect in their appearance.
body dysmorphic disorder
a personality disorder
an adjustment disorder
Dick has episodes of sheer terror when riding on subway trains. He breaks into a cold sweat and often feels like he is having a heart attack. During these attacks he imagines that he is completely losing control of himself. Dick’s disorder is best described as a(n) ______ disorder.
Chad is on the dean’s list in college and he is also one of the best athletes on the football team. Despite his successes, Chad worries about his grades and finds his mind going blank at times. He is also beginning to have difficulty falling asleep. Most likely, Chad has ______.
a specific phobia
a generalized anxiety disorder
social anxiety disorder
a panic disorder
There is an increased probability of autism occurring with _____.
In the previous version of the DSM, ___________ were used to describe distinct disorders within the autism spectrum.
Asperger’s disorder and Tourette’s syndrome
Asperger’s disorder and childhood disintegrative disorder
childhood disintegrative disorder and Tourette’s syndrome
Tourette’s syndrome and Rett’s disorder. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay
Adjustment disorders are classified in the DSM-5 within a category of ____________.
Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders
Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz
An excessive, irrational fear of being in public without the availability of escape or help is ______.
Individuals suffering from Acute Stress Disorder may feel ______________.
angry and betrayed by the world
“in a daze” or feel that the world seems like a dreamlike or unreal place.
as though they are experiencing a heart attack
unaware of their internal emotions
A condition caused by the presence of an extra chromosome on the 21st pair and characterized by intellectual developmental disorder and various physical anomalies is ______.
Fragile X syndrome
In PTSD, the loss of the ability to have loving feelings is which of the following common features of traumatic stress disorders?
Emotional distress and impaired functioning
Ron is an Iraq War veteran. He wakes up in the middle of the night in a cold sweat due to nightmares in which he relives his most frightening war experiences. He refuses to talk about the war with anyone and is constantly fidgety and “on edge.” He is unable to enjoy himself or develop intimate relationships. His symptoms have continued for over three years. He is best diagnosed as suffering from a(n) ______ disorder.
Which of the following is true?
Normally overactive children are goal-directed and can exert voluntary control over their behavior, whereas children with ADHD cannot exert voluntary control over their behaviors.
Children with ADHD exhibit no problems with working memory.
Black and Hispanic children are more likely to receive the diagnosis than Euro-American children.
There is really no qualitative difference between highly active “normal” children and highly active children labeled with ADHD. Development, Stress, and Anxiety Quiz Essay