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Diagnostic And Statistical Of Mental Disorders

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Diagnostic And Statistical Of Mental Disorders

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Question:
Discuss about the Diagnostic and Statistical of Mental Disorders.
 
 
Answer:

Mental illness as defined by American Psychiatric Association is heath condition that includes alterations in thinking, behavior or emotion or can be a blend of all three of these (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). However, mental illnesses are mainly related to distress along with issues in functioning the activities related to social, work as well as family. Mental disorders involve a variety of issues that may be anxiety disorders, depression, mood disorders, personality as well as psychotic disorders. However, it has been found that there are many causes of mental disorder among which the major role is played by genes as well as family history. There are also some other factors that contribute to mental disorders in an individual and they are as daily life experiences, biological factors and traumatic injury in the brain. Moreover, at time of pregnancy if the mother is exposed to viruses or any kind of toxic chemical then that can increase the risk of the baby. Use of drugs as well as having a severe medical condition can also contribute in causing mental disorders. However, this essay is about how it is to experience mental disorders, about the internal experience one has dealing with mental disorder and how it affects interaction with others along with finding out the reason that why bringing any kind of changes it hard with those with mental disorders. Lastly, the feeling of experiencing Schizophrenia is also discussed.
It is often seen that major mental disorders seldom appear unexpectedly. It is often seen that family, friends, teachers, close associates or the individual himself began to realize small changes in them or surrounded by a feeling that something is wrong in their thinking, feeling as well as behavior (Cuthbert & Insel, 2013). There can be signs of early warnings in individuals where they can experience the following signs and symptoms-

People lose interest in others and thus, socially withdraw themselves
Difficulty in performing daily functioning at school, work or family tasks
Difficulty in concentrating, memory, logical thinking and speech
Hyper sensitivity
Loss of interest or desire in participating in any activity
There is always a sense of being disconnected from people around as well as from oneself
Unexplained fear or suspiciousness of others
Disturbed sleep and changes in the appetite or there may be decrease in the personal care
Unexpected drastic mood swings

 
Therefore, an individual suffering with any mental disorder may feel more than two of these symptoms for a continuous period of time for which their ability to do their personal, profession or daily tasks are getting affected then it is time that they must consult a mental illness professional (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
Mental disorder highly disturbs interactions with others and has huge implications in the society. People suffering with any kind of mental disorders face social isolation, which is very popular for a very long time to have triggered the mental illnesses. People suffering with mental disorders are found to have isolated themselves from the society and maximum of the time are found to avoid any kind of public gatherings. However, in mental disorders support from friends, family and neighbors are very much beneficial for both the individual and the population. It is difficult for people to interact with others while suffering a mental disorder, like for instance if one is suffering from depression then that person might not feel like interacting with others neither in family nor in work (Lin, Dean & Ensel, 2013). Then if a person is suffering from anxiety disorder then the worry and stress all the time will limit his interactions as well as will hamper their work. People with mental disorders mainly want to stay alone as they find it very difficult to being along with others as they feel they will judge them for their illness. To run away from the stigmatization people with mental disorders mainly withdraw themselves from their family members as well as colleagues.
It is usually hard for people who are suffering from mental disorders to accept or bring any kind of change. These people mainly have a disturbance being conscious thus, they are less aware of their surroundings and depending on their severity of their disorder; they might be agitated, drowsy or sluggish. Thus, at that time it is not possible for them to bring any change or accept any changes in their environment. Mental illness also affects the thinking processes and thus people may have delays in registering what is being told to them or they their thinking might get illogical and meaningless (Regier, Kuhl & Kupfer, 2013). People with mental illnesses may act in an unusual manner or might face difficulty behaving normally thus, for them accepting any change or being quick in bringing any kind of changes is indeed difficult. Mental illness as defined is in itself changes individual’s thought process as well as behavior for which they faces difficulty in their daily functioning therefore it definitely affects the brain and so accepting or bringing any kind of changes becomes difficult as compared to any other person. 
However, person suffering with Schizophrenia, which is one of the major mental disorders people face are found to have experiencing hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech as well as behaviors, neurocognitive deficits, mood swings, decreased emotional rage as well as los of interest or desire to do anything or initiating interaction (Mamah, Barch & Repovš, 2013). People with schizophrenia are always demotivated as well as they make no sense when they are having a conversation. They may feel depressed or at the next moment feel extremely happy with no valid cause (Maat et al., 2012). 
Thus, from the above essay it can be concluded that mental disorder affects the thought, emotional and behavioral processes in an individual and thus, making it difficult for them to lead a normal life. These changes in their thinking, behavior and emotions often make it complicated for them to perform appropriately their daily tasks as well as professional works. Their social interactions also are hampered, as these people prefer to withdraw themselves from others because they are unable to accept or bring in kind of changes in their surroundings or in themselves. Lastly, schizophrenia is a kind of mental disorder where people experience hallucination, delusion, disorganized speech as well as behavior and some negative symptoms as well.
 
References  
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Pub.
Cuthbert, B. N., & Insel, T. R. (2013). Toward the future of psychiatric diagnosis: the seven pillars of RDoC. BMC medicine, 11(1), 126.
Lin, N., Dean, A., & Ensel, W. M. (Eds.). (2013). Social support, life events, and depression. Academic Press.
Maat, A., Fett, A. K., Derks, E., & Group Investigators. (2012). Social cognition and quality of life in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia research, 137(1), 212-218.
Mamah, D., Barch, D. M., & Repovš, G. (2013). Resting state functional connectivity of five neural networks in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Journal of affective disorders, 150(2), 601-609.
Regier, D. A., Kuhl, E. A., & Kupfer, D. J. (2013). The DSM?5: Classification and criteria changes. World Psychiatry, 12(2), 92-98.

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