Diverse Populations and Age Essay
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Diverse Populations and Age
For young adult’s community can be a great source of support (Kudzma, 2014). Some of the issues that affect young adults include unemployment, college debt, sustainability, pollution, the environment, nuclear energy, and war (Kudzma, 2014). The issues that relate to health include housing, health care in neighborhoods, agricultural, and sanitation concerns (Kudzma, 2014). Young adults must choose and develop a lifelong career (Kudzma, 2014). An individual whose ethnic background is different from the dominant culture may encounter prejudice and discrimination (Kudzma, 2014). This can occur because of race, creed, language, attitudes, values, preferences, or behaviors (Kudzma, 2014). They are susceptible to prejudices at work, at school, health care, and in the community (Kudzma, 2014). Gaps in health care insurance tend to occur between the end of school and the attainment of a full-time job (Kudzma, 2014). Health care providers have removed barriers that were assumed to be responsible for poor utilization of services by individuals of low-income, minorities, and nonattendance of scheduled appointments (Kudzma, 2014).
During middle adulthood individuals make decisions that affect their lives as a result of their values and beliefs (Coover, 2014). African Americans are the second largest racial group in the United States (Coover, 2014). The leading cause of death for middle aged African American men and women is cancer (Coover, 2014). The significant variables in health promotion for this group are environmental factors (Coover, 2014). The cleanliness of the home, work, school environments helps to control the spread of infectious diseases (Coover, 2014). Low socioeconomic status and its links affect society as a hole (American psychological association, 2017). A low socioeconomic status early in life relates risk for a shortened lifespan and for chronic medical conditions that emerge later in adulthood (American psychological association, 2014).
For older adults, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality is falls (Blais, 2014). There were more than 19,700 deaths in 2008 related to unintentional fall injuries (Blais, 2014). Older adults are frequently admitted to acute-care facilities, temporary or permanent residential situations, or long-term care facilities due to chronic or acute illnesses, related to the decline in functional status, change in economic status, and change in family structure (Blais, 2014). Older adults have fewer options for continued income and are at risk of rising costs of living placing them at risk of lower levels of socioeconomic status (American psychological association, 2017). Poverty is a risk factor for decline in mental health for older individuals (American psychological association, 2017).
American psychological association. (2017). Fact sheet: Age and socioeconomic status. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/ses/resources/publications/age.aspx
American psychological association. (2017). Socioeconomic health disparities: A health neuroscience and lifecourse perspective. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/science/about/psa/2011/01/health-disparities.aspx
Blais, K. (2014). Older adult. In C. L. Edelman, E. C. Kudzma, & C. L. Mandle’s Health promotion throughout the life span, (8th ed. pp 591-620). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
Coover, D. (2014). Older adult. In C. L. Edelman, E. C. Kudzma, & C. L. Mandle’s Health promotion throughout the life span, (8th ed. pp562-590). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
Kudzma, E. C. (2014). Older adult. In C. L. Edelman, E. C. Kudzma, & C. L. Mandle’s Health promotion throughout the life span, (8th ed. pp535-561). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.