Tuberculosis: The Global Epidemic
The wide spread of tuberculosis made it the global problem. However, rich countries have relatively few cases of tuberculosis, while poor countries often suffer from epidemics of tuberculosis. The spread of tuberculosis is the result of different treatment of the disease in rich and poor countries and also it is the result of the difference between rich and poor countries. Tuberculosis: The Global Epidemic
Tuberculosis is the global health problem, which rich countries address through mass vaccination and treatment of individual cases, while poor countries fail to conduct mass vaccination effectively and suffer from epidemics of tuberculosis being unable to manage the disease effectively because of their poverty, technological backwardness, and lack of confidence of people in the importance of vaccination to prevent tuberculosis.
II Economic reasons for the different treatment of tuberculosis in poor and wealthy countries
A. Rich countries have effective programs of mass vaccination available and affordable to the overwhelming majority of the population, while people, who cannot afford purchasing vaccine, can receive it from non-profit organizations or special programs that aim at the prevention of tuberculosis (Kaye & Frieden 57).Tuberculosis: The Global Epidemic
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B. Poor countries cannot afford mass vaccination because it is costly and reaching all people is financially challenging for the local authorities and health care system of poor countries cannot fund the total vaccination of the population that is the most efficient strategy of the prevention of tuberculosis (Dye 939).
III Technological reasons for the different treatment of tuberculosis in poor and wealthy countries
A. Rich countries have advanced technologies and they constantly introduce new, more effective vaccines and medicaments that help to treat tuberculosis effectively. They are innovative and their technologies allow treating tuberculosis successfully.
B. Poor countries often do not have access to technologies of rich countries and their backwardness makes them dependent on technologies of developed countries. In case of tuberculosis, this means that poor countries have to purchase vaccines and medicaments as well as equipment for the treatment of tuberculosis from rich countries that increases costs of treatment and make the treatment of tuberculosis unaffordable for many people in poor countries, who cannot afford expensive treatment and such people comprise a large part of the population of poor countries (Chadha 35).Tuberculosis: The Global Epidemic
IV Cultural differences and their impact on the treatment of tuberculosis in poor and wealthy countries
A. Rich countries have health-oriented culture that means that people are well-educated and aware of the risk and threats associated with tuberculosis. People know how important it is to prevent the disease rather than treat it and they can get vaccination to prevent tuberculosis (Shetty, Shemko, & Abbas 81). Even if they contract tuberculosis, they immediately refer to health care professionals, which provide them with the effective treatment of the disease.
B. Poor countries suffer from cultural biases and prejudices, while a large part of population remains either ignorant of risks and threats associated with tuberculosis or just illiterate and uneducated concerning those risks and ways of the prevention of tuberculosis. The low awareness is one of the “major drivers of tuberculosis epidemics in developing countries” (Davies 101). As a result, many people in poor countries are unaware of risks and threats associated with tuberculosis and fail to refer to a doctor to get diagnosed and start the treatment in time or, what is more dangerous, they consciously refuse from the medical aid and treatment in hospitals because of their cultural beliefs and traditions which may reject the science-based medicine. Tuberculosis: The Global Epidemic
Thus, tuberculosis is the global health problem which involves different treatment in rich and poor countries. Rich countries use vaccination and prevent epidemics of tuberculosis, while poor countries are vulnerable to epidemics of tuberculosis because vaccination and effective treatment is too costly for them, they do not have technologies needed for the treatment, and they have low awareness of the threat of tuberculosis because of their cultural difference from rich countries.Tuberculosis: The Global Epidemic