Home / Blog / Single Post

Use of The PICOT Process Essay

Use of The PICOT Process Essay

Discussion 1

PICOT is utilized by the health care community to identify and study a nursing or medical practice problem. Consequently, PICOT examples that may provide insight into the use of the PICOT process, may not be relevant to nursing practice as they are based on a medical practice problem. Use of The PICOT Process Essay


Describe the difference between a nursing practice problem and a medical practice problem. Provide one example of each. Discuss why is it important to ensure your PICOT is based on a nursing practice problem.

Discussion 2

Nursing research is used to study a dilemma or a problem in nursing. Examine a problem you have seen in nursing. Provide an overview of the problem and discuss why the problem should be studied. Provide rational and support for your answer Use of The PICOT Process Essay

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) in Nursing
Overview of Evidence Based Practice (EBP) in Nursing

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) forms the basis of effective care delivery in nursing.

For this reason, nursing students will occasionally be required to write an assignment on evidence-based practice (EBP).

It is therefore important for every nurse practioner and nurse student to understand evidence-based practice (EBP). Use of The PICOT Process Essay

Accordingly, Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) can be defined as:

“A dedicated problem-solving approach in clinical practice that applies the best available evidence derived from reliable research, clinician’s expertise, and patient’s values and preferences in patient care decision making process.”

Generally, application of EBP in nursing entails the use of nursing literature in the patient treatment process. Use of The PICOT Process Essay

The application of EBP in nursing would require you to integrate the best available clinical evidence with your nursing expertise and patient values in the treatment process.

Per se, the best available evidence is adjusted to suit the circumstances and preferences of the patient with the aim of enhancing the quality of clinical decisions.

It is therefore an essential tool in the improvement of patient care.

In academics, it is usually important to effectively illustrate your understanding of EBP when writing either your nursing essay or nursing research paper. Use of The PICOT Process Essay

Note that just like Nursing Care Plan for Pneumonia, the PICO question for nursing is a major area of assessment for nursing students.

Knowledge in EBP as such comes in handy when executing your key assignments.

All that said, EBP is founded on six key steps as illustrated below.

Step 1: Asking an Answerable Question

Clinical nursing practice requires the nurse to find answers to treatment questions.

This entails asking the appropriate PICO question for nursing. Use of The PICOT Process Essay

In this, practice may demand answers to questions or issues such as “most effective”, “quickest”, or “best” medication for a particular disease or condition.

This practice requires you to get an evidence-based answer.

As such, the first step towards getting this answer entails asking the appropriate clinical question.

It is evident that clinical nursing questions could be complex, wide, and multi-leveled.

For instance, a nurse may face a question like, “which asthma treatment is the most effective, fastest, and has the least side effects?” Use of The PICOT Process Essay

Answering such clinical questions requires a methodological approach. Markedly, the “PICO” framework is the scientifically approved approach for answering nursing questions.

This framework stands for:

P: Patient or Population

I: Intervention or Indicator

C: Comparison or Control

O: Outcome

T: Time

Evidenced Based Practice (EBP) is essential to enable all nurses to provide the most current up to date practises for their patients. This process involves research, systematic review of current practises, critical thinking skills, evaluation and application to the clinical setting. In addition to this, the nurse must take into account the patients’ preferences. For nurses to have professional autonomy they must be able to justify their actions and demonstrate an understanding of why they perform the tasks they do. This defines them as unique professionals judged by their knowledge and not simply by their hands on skills. As stated by McSherry, Simmons & Pearce (2002); Use of The PICOT Process Essay
“Nurses are responsible for the care they provide for their patient.…show more content…
(Polit & Beck, 2010). As nursing is person-centred and relies on a multidisciplinary team approach it has to take into account the care setting, patient predilections, clinical judgement and best available evidence. (Holland & Rees, 2010).
The key steps involved in evidence based practice come from a thirst for knowledge that once ignited makes the next step to asking a well worded clinical question easier. A well formulated question improves patient outcomes and supports the implementation of change. One such method looks at foreground and background questions. A background question is usually a basic knowledge question and is usually answered by a textbook. Foreground questions are usually specific and once answered can help in clinical changes. An acronym useful for formulating a well worded question is PICOT. ( Stillwell, Fineout-Overholt, Melnyk, Williamson, 2010).  Use of The PICOT Process Essay

Tips and Tricks from our Blog